For researches being conducted with human subjects, the design, conduct, and reporting of results for the trial should be based on the Clinical Practice guidelines (such as the Good Clinical Practice in Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-Regulated Clinical Trials (USA) or the Medical Research Council Guidelines for Good Clinical Practice in Clinical Trials (UK)) and/or on the World Medical Association (WMA) Declaration of Helsinki.
Any research depicting a study executed with human subjects must affirm through formal statement that the experiments had the consent (written or verbal, as appropriate) from the participants before the start of experiment.
Humans: When results of experiments on human subjects need to be reported, authors should prove the conformance of procedures used with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008 (5). If there are any equivocal views about the research’s conformance with the Helsinki Declaration, the author(s) should highlight the rationale behind the approach used and prove with evidences that the doubtful aspects of the study have been approved by the institutional review body.

Statement on Informed Consent

Consent: For research work dealing with human subjects, participants (or their parent or guardian in the case of children under 18) should be asked for their informed consent before their involvement in the study and this should be highlighted in the research work too.
Consent for publication of individual patient data: If any research includes material like personal details, images, or videos of the participants, then it should be ensured that the participants (or their parent or legal guardian in the case of children under 18) have given written informed consent for their publication and this state of affairs should be addressed through a statement in the work. A consent form should be provided to the Editor(s) on request and will be kept confidential. If images are not clear and no personal detail of participants is there in the manuscript, such publication consents may not be required. Finally the Editor(s) decides if the consent to publish is required or not.
Patients possess right for their privacy to be respected and their informed consent holds great importance. Sensitive information like patients’ names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be disclosed in written descriptions, photographs, or pedigrees unless scientific purposes require this information and the patient (or parent or guardian) allows for disclosing it through written consent. For having informed consent from the patient, he/she must be made aware of the manuscript to be published. Authors need to disclose the source of writing assistance and the funding source to back it up. Identifying details can be skipped if not necessary. To ensure highest level of anonymity, an informed consent is required.